Follow-up of antibiotic treatment and urine cultures of patients with suspected urinary tract infection after discharge from the ED: necessary or not?

Patients discharged from the Emergency Department (ED) with suspected or presumed UTIs often fall outside the scope of Antimicrobial Stewardship (AMS) programs, while clinical response to antimicrobial therapy and acting upon microbiology results is particularly important in these patients that are not monitored clinically. More insight is needed in follow-up and outcome of these patients, including their experiences with the care they received. We will evaluate the follow-up and outcomes of patients discharged from the ED with a presumed UTI. Additionally, we aim to explore patients’ experiences of follow-up after discharge from the ED with a presumed infection.